Author´s Introduction

MILKY WAY MYTHOLOGY > Milky Way Myths Milky Way Mythology Keys Milky Way Contours The Mythical Ship Milky Way Centre Milky Way Directions Milky Way Spiral Milky Way Lines Milky Way Stones Milky Way River Worshipping Megalithic Stones The World Tree Divine Serpent GREAT GOD AND GODDESS > Light or White Deities The Mother Goddess The Greatest God The Divine Pair Attributes of God The Divine Hero God-Man-Animal Norse Creation Myth Retold ROCK ART SYMBOLS > Rock Art Types Star Constellations North Pole Centre Grouped Cup Marks Natures Symbols GENERAL CONTENTS > Common Creation Stories Scholarly Confusions Sun Religion Native Calendar System Holistic Cosmology SPECIFIC MYTHS > Cargo Cults Flat Earth Myth PERSONAL > Spiritual Visions Contact and Links Frontpage


The LIGHT of the Sun, Moon, Planets, Stars, Star Constellations and the very light and crescent looking contours of the Milky Way galaxy and it´s luminous center, plays a great role. It is paramount to decipher the specific light sources correctly in order to interpret the ancient Myths of Creation and it´s astronomical and cosmological descriptions and explanations.

Of course our Ancestors did a lot out of following the Sun at the day and the Stars at night. Of course the Moon and some few Planets also was noticed. All these are of course mentioned in the connection of LIGHT, which not should be confused with the meaning of WHITE below.

The WHITE Milky Way Circle

The Myths of the Milky Way have long be forgotten, which is remarkable as having the most important  connection to the basically Story of Creation. The picture above shows the most of the WHITE circled band around the Earth, The Serpent, the Midgĺrds-Snake, the Norse Mythology Heimdal Rainbow Bridge, Ouroboros etc.

In order to differ between the specifically  Mythological Telling and Symbolizing of The LIGHT of the Sun, Moon, Stars, Star Constellations and Planets, the very words of "GIANT" and "WHITE" are VERY SIGNIFICANT analyzing tools in order to envoy the confusions between Sun, Moon and Planet Deities and the large Milky Way Deities.

Star Atlas of the Milky Way as a basically Symbol

The unfolded contours of the Northern and Southern Milky Way Hemisphere (North left)

The Northern and the Southern Milky Way Hemispheres

Fig. 1: Northern Milky Way Contour - Fig. 2: Drawn Milky Way Circle - Fig. 3: Southern Milky Way Contour

Wikipedia: God: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GOD; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronos;

Wikipedia Goddess: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mother_goddess (The Wikipedia text focuses on Mother Earth, but should also focus on Mother Heaven as I do on this page); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goddess.

Basically Symbolic specifics of the Northern Hemispheres Milky Way

The northern hemisphere Milky Way contour/figure is fantasized and depicted as white MALE human and animal Giant symbols or sometime both as anthropomorphic creatures. An endless amount of Deities, Qualities an Attributes can of course be added. Link: Links to lots of Deities all over the World

Basically Symbolically specifics of the Southern Hemispheres Milky Way

The southern hemisphere Milky Way contour/figure is fantasized and depicted as white FEMALE human and animal Giant symbols and sometime both as anthropomorphic creatures. An endless amount of Deities, Qualities an Attributes can of course be added. Link: Links to lots of Deities all over the World

The Milky Way God and Goddess

Every cultural mythological telling contains the story of the first deities and of the first human beings. These Star Atlas figures belong to the basically symbols in every cultural Story of Creation in the World. The yellow drawn spiral low on the right/woman figure is marking the Centre of our Galaxy in the star constellation of Sagittarius.

Wikipedia Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garden_of_Eden; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creation_mythology;

Wikipedia text: "Many creation myths share broadly similar themes. Common motifs include the fractionation of the things of the world from a primordial chaos; the separation of the Mother Goddess and Father Fod; land emerging from an infinite and timeless ocean; or creation ex nihilo (English: out of nothing)".

Regarding the beginning of the Norse Creation Myth, look here for my attempt to retell this Myth in a modern and alternative way: Myths of Creation

No further explanation are needed . . .

The Milky Way Centre Creation

Modern cosmological and astrophysical science are working with the hypothesis that everything in our galaxy are being pulled by gravity towards the centre of the Milky Way, but that´s not true. Even to day new stars are born in the centre of our Milky Way and that´s very consistent with the all Stories of Creation. From the galactic Womb of the Egypt Milky Way Mother Goddess Nut above to the right, rays of Stars and Matter are floating OUTWARDS from the Centre. This outwards movement are also confirmed in myths telling of "milk floating OUT from the Norse Cow Audhumbla".

Wikipedia Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norse_Mythology; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creation_myth

The Polar Circle

Of course our Ancestors did notice the northern and southern point of the Night Sky that seemingly not was moving. Therefore all cultures have their special symbol for this important matter.


Imagine the above Star Atlas figure of both the northern and southern Milky Way seemingly moving around an also seemingly stationary Polar Point in the night Sky. The right picture here could very well depict this situation. If one should stretch the argumentation a little and use some fantasy, the dot in the middle could be symbolizing the Earth, next ring of dots could represent the Sun and it's positions in the Seasons (Could also symbolize some Planets) and the the third ring of dots could represent the Stars seemingly moving around the Earth.

The whole scenario on the right picture above also could tell of the 3 Norse Mythology "Garde" of Midgard, the location where your tribe live, the second ring would then be the Asgard with the Star Constellations and the third ring would be the Udgard with the symbols of Giant figures which Mythological and Cosmological belongs to the Milky Way figure, which of course are the largest phenomenon people all over the World can observe.

The contours of the Northern Milky Way with the Pole Circle compared to a Swedish Rock Art


Native America and the Danish Gundestrup-Cauldron

The 4 spooked Wheel

The 4 spooked Wheel Circle on the Star Atlas pictures above also belongs to the very basically Myths. The number of 4 is very important in this part of the Story of Creation. 4 Rivers, 4 Floods and 4 Directions are often mentioned in this story. The symbol of the 4 spooked Wheel is very misinterpreted.

I don't know how someone can create the fiction that "the Sun is pulled over the Sky on a Ship by a Horse" I've heard this impossible statement from many mythologists and archaeologists. It's totally impossible to observe this and therefore it is false! And unfortunately, by the same mistake, the very 4 spooked Wheel generally are connected to the Sun, but in fact, this 4 spooked Wheel symbol can depict several mythological, astronomical and cosmological meanings of directions - even as so extended to having a Mythological meaning of the Galactic Sphere.

Cosmological Wheels within Wheels

The Day, and the Seasons, the Night Sky and the Night Sky year and even the specific Earth directions in the Solar System and even more as the directions regarding the localization of our Solar System regarding the Centre of our Galaxy in the direction of the Star Constellation of Sagittarius.

A Bronze Age Museum replica from Finland which very well could show our Solar System and its location in our Galaxy.

"The Sun Carriage" is really a Galaxy Carriage!

Since it's totally impossible to create a fantasy-image of a Horse pulling the Sun, this picture of the "Sun Carriage" of Trundholm, Denmark, must symbolize something very different, and this must, in my opinion, be another symbol of the full Milky Way Contours.

The "Sun Wheel" does NOT specifically belong to the myth of "a horse dragging the Sun" but "dragging the Galaxy Centre. The orange Swirl drawn on the Star Atlas to the left are marking the Galaxy Centre.

The famous Uffingtong Landscape Horse

Big landscape Horses are found in Britain and in the Norse Mythology Odin even have an eight legged Horse called Sleipner, a very fast Horse who could transport Odin "all over the World". And when symbolizing the Milky Way, the ride really went on high in the Night Sky over the Earth.

As shown in Star Constellations Rock Art Cupmarks often depicts Stars and Star Constellations. Stare are light, birght an white. Cupmarks on the animal both depicts the contours of our Galaxy.

The northern Milky Way contour, symbolizing a Horse in the high horizontal position, are really "pulling" i.e. connected to the southern contour, and in the constellation of Sagittarius is the centre of our Galaxy, above marked both as a Wheel and as a Circle.


Animals dragging a Carriage. Bronze Age Rock Carving from Sweden

The Heavenly Ship

The whole Milky Way is even mythically and biblically referred to be 1 Flood itself. Or a great Ocean on which a large Ship are sailing.

The Norse Noah Arch. In the Norse Tradition we also have the Story of a Great Ship, called Hringhorne, which is so large that it can contain all living beings, the Vanir, the Aser and all their equipment. An even so, it "filled nothing more than a cloth". Ok. it depends of course how big/small a cloth you have. But if you hold a cloth up in straight arms in a clear winter night and point at the Milky Way, the cloth don't have to very large in order to cover the whole view of the Heavenly Ship . . .

The origin of the Heavenly Ship when positioned low horizontal  

A Rock Art carving from the Baltic island of Bornholm, Denmark, showing the Heavenly Ship and the Polar Point Circle together with an Egypt picture shoving the very same story, but with a bigger Star marking the Polar Point.


The Mythological Tradition tells us that many Ancient Cultures did worship the Sun, the Moon and some Planets as Gods/Goddesses and this can very well be the true.

But I know for a fact, that there is a big interpretative mistake going on in the circles of Mythology and Archaeology confusing the worshipping of a LIGHT Sun Deity and Planetary deities in stead of worshipping the WHITE Milky Way Deities. This confusion origin of course in a false interpretation of ancient symbols, glyphs and text.

- Even actually living Native Tribes are seemingly confusing their worshipping of mythological deities to past or present human beings. Mythologists are very familiar with "The Cargo Myths" of John Frum, and the latest example I have seen in this matter, was from the TV Program "Meet the Natives" in which all other natives on the World discovered the lovely and very charming ni-Vanuatu people from Tanna of the southern tip of the archipelago that makes up the island nation of Vanuatu. How lovely and mind-blowing it was to se their reactions on the living style of the White Natives.

As happy I was to se their reactions on White Natives - and all the fun they had!- just as sad thing it was for me hear of their worshipping of an actual white human person i.e. the surely OK person Prince Philip. This confusion tells really how forgotten many myths really are . . . even in actual living native societies.

And of course another bad example is that of the Native South Americans meeting the white man mistaking them for being in connection with Native White deities in stead of just being ordinary colonialists with all their usual bad intentions - how sad!

And the worst, dumbest and saddest of all Mythological confusions, is of course the historical and littoral interpretation of Myths! Dear, oh dear!

Wikipedia Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mythology#Myths_as_depictions_of_historical_events


Dealing with Mythology, one often are being confused over the many deities, their qualities and their attributes. In my own mythological tradition, the Norse Mythology, the mythical family have grown very big throughout time, and it sometimes are very difficult to differ one deity from another - and just as you thought you got it, the very same mythological person changes into an anthropomorphic creature, and then you are confused once more. That´s why I’m mostly concentrates on the Milky Way Mythology and the deities in question.

Though: Whatever confusing the mythological telling of different divine human male, female and animals from different cultures can be, there's 1 Global Myth which is comparatively easy to grasp for anyone on Earth, and that is of course The Mythical Story of Creation.

But I underline this very clearly:

The Ancestral Mythical Story of Creation can NOT be fully understood unless you also fully accept the concept of the Genuine and Native Aspect of Intuitive Connection with Nature.



Having a proper logical testing system

- Is of course paramount in order to get a hypothesis right. The Logical Testing Scheme below is used in order to logically either confirm or reject a Mythological hypothesis.

There is even a mythological theme on this confusion!

Missing sun motif



The missing sun is a theme in the myths of many cultures, sometimes including the themes of imprisonment, exile, or death. The missing sun is often used to explain various natural phenomena, including the disappearance of the sun at night, shorter days during the winter, and solar eclipses. Even the Greek myth of Gaia as Demeter and her daughter, Persephone or Kore, imply that the latter was a sun goddess who went missing, bringing on winter when her mother failed to keep the earth bountiful as she searched for her missing daughter.

Some other tales are similar, such as the Sumerian story of the goddess, Inanna's descent into the underworld. These may have parallel themes, but do not fit in this motif unless they concern a solar deity.

In late Egyptian mythology, Ra passes through Duat (the underworld) every night. Apep has to be defeated in the darkness hours for Ra and his solar barge to emerge in the east each morning.

In Japanese mythology, the sun goddess Amaterasu is angered by the behavior of her brother, Susanoo, and hides in a cave, plunging the world into darkness until she is willing to emerge.

In Norse mythology, the gods Odin and Tyr both have attributes of a sky father, and they are doomed to be devoured by wolves (Fenrir and Garm, respectively) at Ragnarok. Sól, the Norse sun goddess, will be devoured by the wolf Skoll.

- Almost any of the deities and descriptions above her can be explained be replacing the subject of the "Sun" to either the subject of the White Milky Way contours OR with the Milky Way center glowing light, which mythological is called "The First Light" because this light was/is the first Light appearing in the Story of Creation.

The very same confusion takes place regarding the Solar barge/Sun chariot: http://www.native-science.net/Ship.Mythical.htm

And the confusion goes on and on and on:


Ra in his solar barge

A "solar barge" (also "solar bark", "solar barque", "solar boat", "sun boat") is a mythological representation of the sun riding in a boat. The "Khufu ship", a 43.6-meter-long vessel that was sealed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza around 2500 BC, is a full-size surviving example which may have fulfilled the symbolic function of a solar barque. This boat was rediscovered in May 1954 when archeologist Kamal el-Mallakh and inspector Zaki Nur found two ditches sealed off by about 40 blocks weighing 17 to 20 tonnes each. This boat was disassembled into 1,224 pieces and took over 10 years to reassemble. A nearby museum was built to house this boat.[1]

Other sun boats were found in Egypt dating to different pharonic dynasties.[2]

Examples include:

  • Neolithic petroglyphs which (it has been speculated) show solar barges
  • The many early Egyptian goddesses who are related as sun deities and the later gods Ra and Horus depicted as riding in a solar barge. In Egyptian myths of the afterlife, Ra rides in an underground channel from west to east every night so that he can rise in the east the next morning.
  • The Nebra sky disk, which (it has been speculated) features a depiction of a solar barge.
  • Nordic Bronze Age petroglyphs, including those found in Tanumshede often contains barges and sun crosses in different constellations.

A "sun chariot" is a mythological representation of the sun riding in a chariot. The concept is younger than that of the solar barge, and typically Indo-European, corresponding with the Indo-European expansion after the invention of the chariot in the 2nd millennium BC.

Examples include:

The sun itself also was compared to a wheel, possibly in Proto-Indo-European, Greek hēliou kuklos, Sanskrit suryasya cakram, Anglo-Saxon sunnan hweogul (PIE *swelyosyo kukwelos).

The "Solar Barge" has nothing to do whit the Sun! The Barge/Boat/Ship has everything to do with the crescent Milky Way contours of both Earth hemispheres, hence a Female Boat in the southern ("underworld") hemisphere and a Male Boat in the northern hemisphere.

These Barge/Boat/Ship "sails" around the respective polar center points/wheels on both hemispheres.


Everything going on in the Universe is indeed very forceful, but I would prefer to call these creative forces cataclysmic in stead of catastrophic which leaves the readers in a "the-world-going-under-feeling". And neither do I like the whole build up Organization of Catastrophism, originated from the works of Emmanuel Velikovsky.

Personally, I mean that our Solar System is prematurely born directly out of the centre of our Galaxy, and after some early cataclysmic collision events, the Solar System became relatively stable.

The totally confused "Saturn Myth"!

- In connection with the work of Velikovsky, "The Saturn Myth", a huge mythological confusion seems to take place with the Immanuel Velikovsky confusing the very secularized Roman Mythology planetary deity Saturn with the Saturnus/Cronos deity of the Milky Way. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn_(mythology

Unfortunately, the followers of the Roman/Velikovsky mythology, are accepting and still are  referring this mythological confusion.

The Saturn Myth confusion is VERY EASY to grasp:

Every time a Deity is mentioned in the assembled Immanuel Velikovsky - and in all the works of his followers, just interpret the Saturn deity to be connected with the contours of the Milky Way deity of Saturnus/Cronos.



For those familiar to the Dave Talbott descriptions as of for instants "The Polar Configuration"; "The Ship of Heaven"; "The Sacred Marriage" and other articles, the MOST ISSUES ARE ALL DESCRIBED HERE ON MY WEB-PAGES - BUT SYMBOLISING THE MILKY WAY DEITIES AND THE MYTHOLOGY OF THE MILKY WAY AND THE CONNECTED CREATION STORIES.

- I have been in contact with Dave Talbott on this matter in order to get the Saturn Myth in the right context, but with no success so far.

Se my explanation on the "Saturnus/Cronos/Odin/ etc. etc. Milky Way Myth" here:



- A critical analyzing review on the planetary Saturn Myth.

Quotations from, and remarks to, David Talbott`s book: The Saturn Myth,

Saturn Myth Reconstructed, pages 35-36

From the foregoing evidence (Pages 1-34) a distinctive portrait of Saturn emerges. In the earliest age recalled by the ancients the planet— or proto-planet—came forth from the cosmic sea to establish dominion over the primeval Cosmos. (#1) The planet-god ruled as the solitary, central light, worshiped as the god One—the only god in the beginning. (#2)

Saturn's epoch left a memory of such impact that later generations esteemed the god as the Universal Monarch, the first and ideal king, during whose rule occurred the prehistoric leap, from barbarianism to civilization. (#3) Throughout Saturn's era of cosmic harmony no seasonal vicissitudes threatened men with hunger or starvation, and men suffered neither labor nor war. (#4)

In the "creation" Saturn, the primal Seed, (#5) ejected the fiery material ("primeval matter"), which congealed into a circle of lesser lights (the Cosmos). The myths describe this resound­ing birth of the secondary gods as Saturn's "speech: Saturn was the Word or voice of heaven". (#6)

The ancients conceived Saturn as the visible intelligence bringing forth the Cosmos as his own body "(#7)   and regulating its revolutions. Thus was the planet denominated the Heaven Man—a being eventually recalled as the prototype of the human race—the first ancestor. "(#8)  

When Saturn departed the world, the Golden Age catastrophically ended. This is the universal tale of the dying god, the overthrown "first king" or fallen "first man." "(#9)   

Whether betrayed by a dark force, or chastised for having committed the forbidden sin, or inflicted with old age and a weariness of mankind, "(#10)   the result is the same: a corruption of nature and a progressive worsening of the human condition. The story is the first—and one could almost say, only—theme of tragedy and drama in antiquity: Saturn's Golden Age came to a sudden and catastrophic end, either caused by or accompanied by the fall of the great god.

That the distant planet Saturn should loom at the center of ancient rites is a fact which conventional wisdom will not easily explain."(#11) One looks in vain for any characteristic of Saturn, the present-day planet, which might account for Saturn, the primeval god. "(#12) Could the present speck of light have provoked the ancient memory of a creator standing alone in the deep? Or produced the universal legend of the first king and the lost age of abundance? Or inspired the myth of the Heaven Man? "(#13)

If, as is almost universally believed, the heavens have under­gone no major changes in astronomically recent times, then the myth—however meticulously developed—can only be a fabrica­tion, produced through the purest disregard for actual observa­tion and experience. (#14) I do not ask the reader to ignore this possi­bility, and I am fully aware that to many mythologists myth and fancy are synonymous. Since the argument of this book rests on the coherence of the Saturn myth as a whole, and since many details remain to be covered (#15) I urge only a willingness to consider the evidence in its entirety. Whatever the true origins of the myth, it constituted for the ancients a compelling vision—a vision deserving careful study by all students of history, religion, and mythology. (#16)

Quote unquote.

# My Comments

1)     How can planet Saturn “come forth from the cosmic sea and establish dominion over the primeval Cosmos”? Was planet Saturn mythological created as the first of all? What are the logics of such a mythological statement?

2)     How can a planet be “the only god in the beginning”?

3)     From which mythological supreme being did humans learn of civilization? The Planet Saturn?

4)     From which major fertility deities was all life created? The inferior planet Saturn?

5)     The planet Saturn as “the primal Seed”? Did the planet Saturn create everything in our Solar system and in our Milky Way galaxy?

6)     Which deity “first voice” was the first to set of the creation? The inferior planet Saturn?

7)     What intelligence can the planet Saturn provide? Does planet Saturn have the shape of a body “to bring forth”?

8)     How can planet Saturn possibly be a “prototype of the human race” and “the first ancestor”?

9)     How can planet Saturn be a Universal tale of the overthrown first king or fallen first man? Was there nothing before planet Saturn was created?

10)  How can planet Saturn “commit a forbidden sin”?

11)  How can a planet Saturn “loom at the center of ancient rites” devaluating the Sun and other major heavenly bodies?

12)  How can an inferior planet be a “primeval god”? Did the planet Saturn create everything before anything else?

13)  How can planet Saturn mythological possibly be described as a “heaven man”?

14)  Maybe it is possible that a “purest disregard for actual observa­tion and experience” in the construction of The Saturn Myth not have regarded the real mythological and astronomical human experiences?

15)  Yes indeed, many obvious mythological details remain to be covered – and to be reinterpreted.

16)  Yes, the true origins of the myths constituted a compelling vision for the ancients. Unfortunately, not many scholars have the mythological insight, fantasy, spiritual or visionary capabilities to grasp even the most obvious details and their real mythological and cosmological meaning.

17)  Regarding the mythological heritage, it is not enough to have the brilliant intellectual capacity – one also has to have the genuine spiritual capacity of our ancestors.

My Conclusion

- Reading The Saturn Myth book, I fully understand that David Talbott throughout the entire book frequently inserts quotation marks when describing the many deities and their qualities. I would certainly have done the very same in order not to compromise my consciousness doubts – high or low – but still trying to make my case.


- I fully respect the brilliant intellectual powers of David Talbot! He have done a tremendous work, assembling a huge amount of myths – but I reject the Velikovski and Dave Talbott´s mythical conclusions regarding the planet Saturn – and the  planet Venus.

Both the rather inferior planets of Saturn and Venus are almost fatally confused with the major and superior deities of the Milky Way from which all myths of creation origin.

What has the larger importance: The Saturn planet? The Venus planet? The Sun? Or the Milky Way Galaxy? 

How come a planet can have bigger mythological importance than the Sun or the Milky Way? The answer is: They can't!

The Velikovski Saturn and Venus Myth is as totally mythological misconception, confusing the superior deities of the Milky Way for the inferior planetary deities of Saturn and Venus.

Explaining link: http://www.native-science.net/Forefather.Worship.htm

John O`Neill, author of "The night of the Gods"


Cosmic, Cosmogonic Myths and Symbols - Which all describes and confirms my texts.

Look here for some more specific explanations of Milky Way Deities and other Ancient Symbols connected to the Milky Way Mythology

Relevant Wikipedia Links:

Quote from Wikipedia: "Saturn (Latin: Saturnus) was a major Roman god of agriculture and harvest. In medieval times he was known as the Roman god of agriculture, justice and strength; he held a sickle in his left hand and a bundle of wheat in his right. His mother's name was Helen, or Hel. He was identified in classical antiquity with the Greek deity Cronus, and the mythologies of the two gods are commonly mixed.

The Wikipedia text about Cronus is also wrong/mixed up itself, claiming that: Cronus not should be confused to Chronos - but studying their qualities and attributes, they are identical!



Saturn (Latin: Saturnus) was a major Roman god of agriculture and harvest. In medieval times he was known as the Roman god of agriculture, justice and strength; he held a sickle in his left hand and a bundle of wheat in his right. His mother's name was Helen, or Hel. He was identified in classical antiquity with the Greek deity Cronus, and the mythologies of the two gods are commonly mixed.

Saturn's wife was Ops, Rhea's equivalent – not Magna Mater. Saturn was the father of Ceres, Jupiter, and Veritas, among others. Saturn had a temple on the Forum Romanum which contained the Royal Treasury. Saturn is the namesake of Saturday (dies Saturni), the only day of the week to retain its Roman name in English.

Mythology of Saturn

In Babylon he was called Ninib and was an agricultural deity. Saturn, called Cronus by the Greeks, was, at the dawn of the Ages of the Gods, the Protector and Sower of the Seed and his wife, Rhea, (called Ops by the Romans) was a Harvest Helper. Cronus was one of the Seven Titans or Numina and with them, reigned supreme in the Universe. The Titans were of incredible size and strength and held power for untold ages, until they were deposed by Zeus.

The first inhabitants of the world were the children of Gaia (Mother Earth) and Ouranos (Father Sky). These creatures were very large and manlike, but without human qualities. They were the qualities of Earthquake, Hurricane and Volcano living in a world where there was yet no life. There were only the irresistible forces of nature creating mountains and seas. They were unlike any life form known to man.

Three of these creatures were monstrously huge with one hundred hands and fifty heads. Three others were individually called Cyclops, because each had only one enormous eye in the middle of their foreheads. Then, there were the Titans, seven of them, formidably large and none of whom were purely destructive. One was actually credited with saving man after creation.

Ouranos hated the children with the fifty heads. As each was born he placed it under the earth. Gaia was enraged by the treatment of her children by their father and begged the Cyclopes and the Titans to help her put an end to the cruel treatment. Only the Titan, Cronus, responded. Cronus lay in wait for his father and castrated him with his sickle. From Ouranos's blood sprang the Giants, a fourth race of monsters, and the Erinyes (the Furies), whose purpose was to punish sinners. They were referred to as "those who walk in darkness" and were believed to have writhing snakes for hair and eyes that cried blood. Though eventually all the monsters were driven from Earth, the Erinyes are to remain until the world is free of sin.

With the deposing of his father, Cronus (Saturn) became the ruler of the Universe for untold ages and he reigned with his sister, Rhea (Ops), who also became his wife.

It was prophesied that one day Cronus would lose power when one of his children would depose him. To prevent this from happening, each time Rhea delivered a child Cronus would immediately swallow it. When her sixth child, Zeus, was born, Rhea had him spirited away to the island of Crete. She then wrapped a stone in his swaddling clothes. Her deception was complete when Cronus swallowed it, thinking it was the child. When Zeus was grown, he secured the job of cup-bearer to his father. With the help of Gaia, his grandmother, Zeus fed his father a potion that caused him to vomit up Zeus's five siblings, Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon.

A devastating war that nearly destroyed the Universe ensued between Cronus and his five brothers and Zeus and his five brothers and sisters. Zeus persuaded the fifty headed monsters to fight with him which enabled him to make use of their weapons of thunder, lightning and earthquake. He also convinced the Titan, Prometheus, who was incredibly wise, to join his side. With his forces, Zeus was victorious and the Olympians reigned supreme. Cronus and his brothers were imprisoned in the Tartarus, a dark, gloomy region at the end of the Earth.

In Roman mythology when Jupiter (Zeus) ascended the throne, Saturn (Cronus) fled to Rome and established the Golden Age, a time of perfect peace and harmony, which lasted as long as he reigned. In memory of the Golden Age, the Feast of Saturnalia was held every year in the winter at the Winter Solstice. During this time no war could be declared, slaves and masters ate at the same table, executions were postponed, and it was a season for giving gifts. This was a time of total abandon and merry making. It refreshed the idea of equality, of a time when all men were on the same level. Christians adopted the feast and renamed it Christmas. When the festival ended, the tax collectors appeared and all money owed out to government, landlords, or debtors had to be accounted for.

This is another side to Saturn and it's ruling sign, Capricorn: the settling of accounts. The time of the winter solstice is when the Sun enters the sign Capricorn.

Hesiod wrote of the five ages of mankind: Gold, Silver, two ages of Bronze and an age of Iron. The Age of Gold was the purest age, when no labor was required and weather was always pleasant. It was virtually a place of pleasant surroundings and of abundance. Death was not an unpleasant eventuality and people occupied their time in pleasant pursuits. Cronus ruled over this Golden Age.



In Greek mythology, Chronos (Ancient Greek: Χρόνος) in pre-Socratic philosophical works is said to be the personification of time. His name actually means "time," and is alternatively spelled Khronos (transliteration of the Greek) or Chronus (Latin version). Not to be confused with Cronus, a Titan.

Chronos was imagined as an incorporeal god, serpentine in form, with three heads—that of a man, a bull, and a lion. He and his consort, serpentine Ananke (Inevitability), circled the primal world-egg in their coils and split it apart to form the ordered universe of earth, sea and sky.

He was depicted in Greco-Roman mosaics as a man turning the Zodiac Wheel. Often the figure is named Aeon (Eternal Time), a common alternate name for the god.

Chronos is usually portrayed through an old, wise man with a long, gray beard, such as "Father Time."

Some of the current English words whose etymological root is khronos/chronos include chronology, chronic, and chronicle.

Ananke mythology


Ananke (mythology) in Greek mythology.

She marks the beginning of the cosmos, along with Chronos

The mother of the Moirae and Adrasteia,

Goddess of destiny, necessity, and fate.

In Greek mythology, Ananke (Ancient Greek: Ανάγκη) was the personification of destiny, necessity and fate, depicted as holding a spindle. She marks the beginning of the cosmos, along with Chronos. She was seen as the most powerful dictator of all fate and circumstance which meant that the other Gods had to give her respect and pay homage as well as the mortals.

The following is a reply on a article in which the Milky Way myths are not understood and somewhat rediculed.

"Suspending Disbelief" - http://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2012/04/05/suspending-disbelief/

A sky-high column of glowing plasma has influenced countless religious ideas.

By Comparative Mythologist Rens van der Sluijs

Apr 06, 2012  

Hello Rens - and thanks for your article on http://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2012/04/05/suspending-disbelief/

Bifröst - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bifr%C3%B6st - In Norse mythology, Bifröst or Bilröst is a burning rainbow bridge that reaches between Midgard (the world) and Asgard, the realm of the gods. The bridge is attested as Bilröst in the Poetic Edda; compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and as Bifröst in the Prose Edda; written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson, and in the poetry of skalds. Both the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda alternately refer to the bridge as Asbrú (Old Norse "Ćsir's bridge").

According to the Prose Edda, the bridge ends in heaven at Himinbjörg, the residence of the god Heimdallr, who guards it from the jötnar. The bridge's destruction at Ragnarök by the forces of Muspell is foretold. Scholars have proposed that the bridge may have originally represented the Milky Way and have noted parallels between the bridge and another bridge in Norse mythology, Gjallarbrú.  

Gjallarbrú - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gjallarbr%C3%BA - In Norse mythology, Gjallarbrú is a bridge spanning the river Gjöll in the underworld, which must be crossed in order to reach Hel, according to Gylfaginning. It is described as a covered bridge, "thatched with glittering gold", and figures most prominently in the story of Baldr, specifically when Hermód is sent to retrieve the fallen god from the land of the dead. When Hermód arrived at the bridge he was challenged by the giant maiden Módgud who demanded that he state his name and business before allowing him to pass.

Ad: Compare your headline "A sky-high column of glowing plasma" and the mythological "a covered bridge, thatched with glittering gold". Then imagine this large cosmic structure in different positions on the night sky. Vertically, it can represent a tree; a ladder to heaven; the world axis and a standing man.

Because of the seemingly rotating movement around the celestial pole, this structure also can be observed horizontally “above the celestial pole” as a crescent bridge of light over the Earth and even as a flying man in the sky. When observed “below the celestial pole”, this structure is very often mythological described as a ship or a dead man.

This seemingly revolving figure gives also the origin to the myths of the dying and rising god. And of course, if assembling the 2 cardinal vertical and horizontal directions, it gives “a great revolving cross” i. e. the so called “sunwheel”.

Quote: “‘I know thy mystery, O Cross … thou reachest unto heaven that thou mayest point towards the Logos who will come from above. Thou art stretched out to the right and the left so that thou mayest put the fearful forces of the enemy to flight and gather together the whole world. Thou art made fast in the depths of the earth so that thou mayest unite with heaven all that which is upon the earth and all that is beneath it …” end of quote.

AD: The only heavenly structure that logically can symbolize this, and everything described above, is the contours of the Milky Way that vaults and seemingly revolves over the Earth and beneath it and in fact all around the Earth, symbolized as the Midgĺrd Serpent in the Norse Mythology. http://www.native-science.net/Mythology.Light_White_Right.htm

Quote: “The mediaeval scholar-monk Johannes de Sacrobosco (c. 1195 – c. 1256) was a renowned computist – expert in the calculation of the correct date of Easter in the Christian calendar. His Tractatus de Sphaera (c. 1230) contained an illustration of an armillary sphere, on which the author of an Italian translation, Fra Mauro Fiorentino (1492-1556), put a Christian spin by attaching the figure of a crucified Christ to the rotational axis of the central earth.

AD: The very same goes for many myths from all over the world, describing their major and supreme male deity as symbolizing the northern hemisphere Milky Way figure – and describing the supreme female deity as the southern hemisphere Milky Way, the Under-World. Both hemisphere figures are in close revolving connection to the celestial poles on both hemispheres. Therefore the northern hemisphere Milky Way deity is described as “he”:

‘… for it is right that He being made visible, should set upon all things visible the sharing of His cross, that He might show His operation on visible things through a visible form. For He it is who illuminates the height, that is the heavens; and encompasses the deep which is beneath the earth; and stretches and spreads out the length from east to west; and steers across the breadth of north and south; summoning all that are scattered in every quarter to the knowledge of the Father’. http://www.native-science.net/MilkyWay.GreatestGod.htm

- Of course it´s not scientifically incorrect to call the cosmic Milky Way structure “a sky high column of glowing plasma”, but to describe the religious; poetic and mythological telling as “suspending disbeliefs”, without you yourself can localize which concrete object the myths describes, is not very fair.

Sadly enough, because you otherwise are doing a great job finding these and other myths and relevant historical heritage.

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