Cup Marks can be very difficult to categorize, but in general they all
symbolize Stars or Light in the night Sky, and therefore one must have
some knowledge of Star Constellations, of the Milky Way Contours and some other celestial facts
in order to understand.
Picture 1 shows some
sketched Cup Marks in black with 1 Cup Mark placed in a so called wheel.
In general the Wheel is interpreted as a "Sun-Wheel", but the Cup Marks
shows the Star Constellation of Ursa Minor or Little Bear/Little Dipper.
The "Sun-Wheel" is in this case a Mark for the Celestial north pole and
should be called a POLE-WHEEL.
Picture 2 is a
sketched drawing of the most simple shape contour of the Northern Milky
Way. The wheel marks the celestial Pole. A general Star Atlas shows
clearly the Milky Way contours.
Picture 3 shows a
more detailed Swedish Rock Art figure of the Northern Milky Way contour.
The Circle in the body indicate "something revolving" and the Cup Marks
inside the Circle indicate Stars.
2 more Rock Art
carvings showing how to describe Stars revolving a center point.
2 Rock Art carvings
showing revolving Stars around a center point.
Picture 1 originate
from Native America. Picture 2 shows an animation of a Star Atlas
picture of the Northern Milky Way compared to a Swedish Rock Art
Carving. Picture 3 is a Bronze Age Shield which, in my opinion shows the
Night Sky revolving around a center point.
According to Norse
Mythology, the World was divided in 3 Spheres as on picture 1. The
Museum Copy of a Finnish Bronze Age Artifact on picture 2, is VERY
astonishing! How could somebody in the Bronze Age understand and picture
something that easily could symbolize our Galaxy with the Solar System?
Picture 3 could also very likely symbolize the Night Sky with all the
The 4 Directions are
very well known in ancient times. Here are 3 different Rock Art
carvings, all showing the full celestial view with Directions and Stars.