Author´s Introduction

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The myth of Saint George is very well-rooted in the mythical and religious western medieval culture. In my opinion, this myth is rooted much deeper, and I think the myth origins back to archetypical times to the mythical symbols of heavenly Gods and Goddess in star myths and even to the myth of Creation.

A medieval picture of St. George fighting the Dragon compared to a Swedish rock carving.

A Star Atlas with the contours of the Northern and Southern Milky Way.

In my opinion, one can easily accept the idea that the contours of the Milky Way can symbolise a male figure on the northern Sky and that the southern Milky Way contours can symbolise a female figure. These to symbols from the northern and southern hemisphere are divided by the pole positions of the Earth rotation and are therefore mythological and religious said to be "in opposition to each other".

The male contours of the Milky Way and the female figure of the southern Milky Way is mythological sometime mentioned to be humans and sometime to be animals and sometimes as a human and an animal. For instant many cultures have a Heavenly Cow as a symbol for the southern Milky Way contours, and it is in this concept the myth of St. George shall be interpretated.


2 scenes from the Danish ritual cauldron of Gundestrup and a scene from a Braktheatre.

Mythological the story telling about the northern and southern Milky Way contour figures are build up by a story of the meeting of 2 great mythological forces of powerful beasts or the meeting of the male and female force of creation.

The story telling also can symbolise the meeting and melting together of the 2 psychological and physiological qualities in a male and female in an ritual transition in order to gain spiritual cosmological knowledge to the benefit of personal and social growth.

If such an meeting an melting together of forces is succeeded, the Hero first of all wins his spiritual Princess, namely his alter ego, and the society in which the Hero lives, benefits of the gained cosmological knowledge which is for the Hero to arrange the seasonal rituals for agriculture as well of the ritual transition periods of every individual in the village.

Descent to the underworld

The theme of mythical deities and Heroes "descending to The Underworld is of course very global since it deals with the the Southern Earth Hemisphere and especially with the southern Milky Way contours and the Great Mother Goddess and the archetype of the Milky Way center.


Harrowing of Hell, an icon by Dionisius, from the Ferapontov Monastery.

The descent to the underworld is a mytheme of comparative mythology found in the religions of the Ancient Near East up to and including Christianity. The myth involves the death of a youthful god (or goddess: Persephone, Inanna, for instance) who is a life-death-rebirth deity, mourned and then recovered from the underworld by his or her consort, lover or mother.




Main article: katabasis

One meaning of katabasis is the epic convention of the hero's trip into the underworld.[1] In Greek mythology, for example, Orpheus enters the underworld in order to bring Eurydice back to the world of the living.

Most katabases take place in a supernatural underworld, such as Hades or Hell — as in Nekyia, the 11th book of the Odyssey, which describes the descent of Odysseus to the underworld. However, katabasis can also refer to a journey through other dystopic areas, like those Odysseus encounters on his 20-year journey back from Troy to Ithaca. Pilar Serrano[1] allows the term katabasis to encompass brief or chronic stays in the underworld, including those of Lazarus and Castor and Pollux.

Mythological characters

Mythological characters who make visits to the underworld include:

Ancient Egyptian

Ancient Greek and Roman

Ancient Sumerian

  • Enkidu, in a tablet of the Epic of Gilgamesh usually considered a later addition to the tale
  • Gilgamesh descends to the underworld to meet Utnapishtim in a quest for immortality.
  • Inanna descends to the underworld with gifts to pass through the seven gates of the underworld.


Norse paganism and Finnish mythology