Author´s Introduction

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Living much under the open sky without all the modern fashions and technological equipment, our ancestors had much time to observe the seasonal changes with all the night and day experiences that came along throughout the revolving year.

Of course our ancestors have noticed that the stars are revolving. That is, except from the point in the heaven where no movement seems to take place. The seemingly rotating figure on the northern hemisphere symbolizes the Greatest male deity in the Mythological Story from all over the World. This figure symbolizes for instants Chronos, Zeus, Odin, Saturn (not the planet) and several other names.

But the figure are also symbolized with several other phenomenon's, of which the Heavenly Ship and a White Horse or Bull are the most common.

Figure 1 is a schematic drawing of the white Milky Ways northern contours to show the most simple way of picturing the Milky Way contours and the celestial north pole. Picture 2 are from Denmark, Bornholm, Allinge, location Madsebakke, about 200 meters from the street in which I live. Among groups of cupmarks there are several line figures in different directions and with 1 or 2 lines to show the figure.

This Milky Way Symbol, Madsebakke, Allinge, Denmark, shows a so called "Ship", with the celestial North Pole centre marking above "the Ship", clearly showing the, from Earth, seemingly revolving movement. (The painting colour should really be WHITE accordingly to the telling about the white Mythical Milky Way Ship)

The difference between making 1 or 2 lines on the rock figures, show just how much or how little the artist have done in order to make the planned symbol. Beside that fact, the same celestial object can be different pictured depending on the visual power of every artist.

When these figures in my opinion are meant to show the contours of the Milky Way, the figures are placed in different directions because the white contours of the Milky Way apparently changes direction and size trough the year and trough and night as well.

The full Contours of our Milky Way with the Southern contours above and the Northern below. It is the Northern hemisphere contours as seen above that gives shape to the Ship. If flipped vertically and rotated 90 degree, the Northern contours changes mythological and become "A Horse dragging the Southern hemisphere contours, in which the Milky Way centre is located.
From the Egypt tomb of Ramesses VI. The white Milky Way contours represented as the goddess Nut. This note is the most common description of this picture. But there is more to it!
A closer look at the picture shows the sex details on the figures, with the night goddess Nut above and the night god Shu below. Again we have the 2 major figures on the night Sky, namely the Milky Way contours of the southern (Nut) and northern (Shu) hemisphere.
Star Atlas showing the Milky Way contours of the major and supreme god and goddess.
A Rock Art symbol of the Milky Way centre dragged by a Horse. An Star Atlas with the full Mulky Way contours and the wagon from Trundholm, Denmark, called the "Sun-Wagon" has clearly nothing to do with the LIGHT of the Sun dragged by a Horse or transported by a Ship but with the WHITE colour and GLOW of the contours of the Milky Way Galaxy. Hence also the golden layer on the Trundholm Wagon disc to the right.

Of course such a enormous figure was observed very alike over countries and continents which explains  the great similarity there are between rock carving symbols all over the world.

Throughout the revolving year you will se the Milky Way contours increase and decrease because of the fact of the Earth are circling around the Sun. Also we have the summer period where you can observe very little or nothing because of the light season. This fact are of course also included in the mythological storytelling.


The Norse Mythology have a telling of a Horse dragging the Sun over the vault of heaven. This must be a confusion. You cannot create such a symbol and such a story. One cannot se any Horse dragging the Sun Disk over the vault of Heaven! The confusion is made when scholars interpret the Wheel-symbol as a Sun-symbol, which is wrong.

This picture shows the unfolded star map of the Milky Way north and south Contours with the celestial pole centres. Picture 2 shows a part of a Canadian rock carving from Peterbourough, Toronto.

The Wheel-symbol is a symbol of "centre". In the night you can observe such a centre where the stars seems not to revolve in the Sky, called the Celestial Centre. If you look at the night Sky on a favourable night, you also ca se the contours of the Milky Way.

Rock Art Carvings shoving a Horse "dragging a circle".

Picture 1 shows a part of a Bronze Age razor. Picture 2 showing a ritual carriage from the Bronze Age, called the "Sun Wagon" from Trundholm, Denmark. All these pictures shows different cultural stages of picturing the same motif: The Milky Way contours with the Celestial Centre.

Therefore the "Sun-Carriage" must be renamed to "Milky Way -Carriage" and the mythological storytelling should be telling of this in stead of "dragging the Sun-disk over the vault of heaven".



It sometimes takes a modern human with a great imagination to interpretate the ancient symbols! But you either have to interpretate the symbols mythological - or simply interpretate the symbols as a pure natural phenomenon.


The basic mythological storytelling of Creation originates from the Milky Way and its contours. In the centre of our Galaxy, the Lifetree is standing. Looking at the Star Atlas pictures to the right and left, one easily can imagine the contours as a Man and a Woman, named Adam and Eve in the Bible and many other names in different cultures all over the world.

The most specifics about the Milky Way contours is the white colour itself. The white colour was sanctified by our ancestors to the extent that many indigenous people thought that the white people was a Great White God when they first had an encounter with the white man.

Unfortunately that fact also was a main course of the destroying and diminishing of many cultures all over the world. Milky Way Myths and modernized legends.

Ancient cultures all over the World are describing the Milky Way Galaxy in their stories of Creation. Either symbolized by human or animal characters or even as anthropomorphic creatures. All with the WHITE COLOUR DESCRIPTION as the common denominator.

John O`Neill, author of "The night of the Gods"


Cosmic, Cosmogonic Myths and Symbols - Which all describes and confirms my texts.

http://www.ruthenia.ru/folklore/berezkin/eng/041_137.htm (Amerindian and Old World comparisons)
South Africa
http://www.michielb.nl/maya/milkyway.html (World Tree)
Maori (Very universal)
Armenian: Յարդ զողի Ճանապարհ hard goghi chanaparh, "Straw Thief's Way", from a myth.[1]
Arabic: Arabic درب التبانة ,(Darb Al-Tabana) means Milky way.
Basque: Esne bidea, from Latin.
Bulgarian: Млечен Път, "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Catalan: Via Làctia, "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Catalan: Camí de Santiago, "The Road to Santiago".
Cherokee: Gili Ulisvsdanvyi, "The Way the Dog Ran Away", from a myth.
Chinese: 銀河, "Silver River".
Croatian: Mliječni Put, "Milky Way" translated from Latin. Traditionally it was named Kumova slama, (Godfather's straw)
Czech: Mléčná dráha, "Milky Way" translated from Greek or Latin.
Danish: Mælkevejen.
Dutch: Melkweg, "Milky Way" translated from Latin.
English: Milky Way, translated from Latin.[2]
Estonian: Linnutee, "Way of Birds", from a myth.
Finnish: Linnunrata ,"Way of Birds", from a myth.
French: La voie lactée, "The Milky Way".
German: Milchstraße, "Milky Way"
Georgian: irmis naxtomi, "The Deer Jump"
Greek: Γαλαξίας κύκλος Galaxias Kyklos, "Milky Circle", from a myth.
Hebrew: שביל החלב ,"The Milky Way".
Hindi: akashaganga "Ganges River of Heaven", from a myth.[1]
Hungarian: Hadak Útja, "The Road of the Warriors", from a myth. However this is the historical term, today it is known simply as "Tejút", meaning "Milk Way".
Icelandic: Vetrarbrautin, "The Winter Way."
Indonesian: Bima Sakti "Magical Bima", a character in Sanskrit epic Mahabharata
Irish: Bealach na Bó Finne, "The Fair Cow's Way", or Slabhbra Luigh, "Lugh's Chain"
Italian: Via Lattea "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Japanese: 天の川 amanogawa, "River of Heaven"
Korean: 은하 eunha "Silver River", from Chinese, or "미리내"(mirinae) in pure Korean. The Milky Way is specifically called "Uri Eunha", ("Our Galaxy").
Latin: Via Lactea, "Milky Way", translated from Greek.
Lithuanian: Paukščių Takas, The Birds' Path
Latvian: Putnu Ceļš, The Birds' Path
Maltese: It-triq ta' Sant' Anna,St Anne's road
Malay: Bima Sakti "Magical Bima", a character in Sanskrit epic Mahabharata
Norwegian: Melkeveien, "The milky way"
Norwegian: Vinterbrauta, "The Winter Way" (Nynorsk)
Portuguese: Estrada de Santiago, "The Road to Santiago" (used in European Portuguese only)
Polish: Droga Mleczna "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Portuguese: Via Láctea "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Romanian: Calea Lactee "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Russian: Млечный путь "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Serbian: Mlečni put "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Serbian: Млечни пут "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Slovene: Rimska cesta "The Roman Road", because pilgrims followed it when travelling to Rome.
Spanish: Via láctea "Milky Way", translated from Latin.
Spanish: Camino de Santiago, "The Road to Santiago".
Swedish: Vintergatan, "Winter Street", because it is more visible during the winter in Scandinavia and looks like a snowy street.
Thai: ทางช้างเผือก, "The way of the white elephant".
Turkish: Samanyolu ,"Road of Straw"
Ukrainian: Чумацький шлях, "Way of Chumak"
Vietnamese: Ngân Hà ,"Silver River", translated from Chinese.
Welsh: Llwybr Llaethog, "Milky Way", translated from the Latin.
Welsh: Caer Wydion, "The Fort of Gwydion" (Gwydion).

Look also Google search for Geoglyphs here: